There are two types of thrombophilia: genetic (thrombin, Protein S or Protein C deficiency), also called hereditary or congenital, and acquired (antiphospholipid syndrome, nephrotic syndrome).
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are widespread. Millions of new cases of these infections are reported each year in the U.S. alone. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by more than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites. Infections are mostly spread by sexual contact. Most STIs are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms. STIs, including asymptomatic ones, can cause many complications.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a widespread viral infection that commonly causes various types of skin and mucosal lesions.
Genetically males have two sex chromosomes: one X and one Y chromosome. Y chromosome is made up of three regions: the pseudoautosomal region (PAR 1 and PAR 2), the heterochromatin (structural) and euchromatin (informational) regions. Among them the last two are joined in the MSY, the non-recombining (male-specific) region.
Bacterial vaginosis (Bacterial Vaginosis – BV) is a common infection caused by a violation of the natural balance of the vaginal flora and an overgrowth of conditionally pathogenic bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis affects mostly women of reproductive age group. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it affects 29.2% of women.